Wat Buddha Dhamma figured prominently in attempts to establish Theravadan Buddhist organisations in NSW from the nineteen-seventies. Following the 40th anniversary in 2018, some who were associated with the Wat have expressed the wish to have an historical account of its development and the influence of its founding teachers, Phra Khantipalo and Ayya Khema (1923-1997).
In 2015, John McIntyre and Constance Ellwood began writing the history. By May 2019, a narrative was complete in eight chapters and covering the first thirty years before the transition to an Ajahn Chah monastery under Ajahn Khemavaro in 2008.
Aims and framework
The project aims to tell the story of the development of the Wat through contemporary records and the accounts of those who witnessed its development. The history has tried to give full play to experiences of participants. As such, it is a social history. The work is not an offical history that claims to represent the views of the current Wat.
The narrative explores the Wat's complex organisational history, and the dynamic way the Wat entity evolved in changing conditions. The history has also adopted a transmission perspective, seeking to understand how teachings were understood, adopted and practised. It will analyse the Wat as a project of Buddhist modernism that provoked conflict with tradtional values. The history may thereby contribute to contemporary debates about the cultural adaptation of Buddhism in the West.
We are seeking photographs, especially for the years after 1992. If you have images, we would like to hear from you. Please contact us. Download the WBD History background briefing.
The Wat story in eight chapters Download synopsis
Writing the history Describes three frames of reference for writing the Wat history: experience, organisation and transmission.
A Jewel of a Place 1975 - 1981 describes the social context for the founding of the Wat and the first few years of the Dhamma community.
Dhamma Devotees 1982 - 1984 highlights the development of the threefold model of monastery, meditation centre and lay village, and the ascendancy of the Wat community.
The Centre Cannot Hold 1984 - 1991 analyses the period of turbulence from the nuns' ordination to Phra Khantipalo's developing heterodoxy; the crisis of authority brought about by his disrobing and departure from the Wat.
A Restoration of Sorts 1992 - 1998 examines the Wat's transition from a religious community to a formal organisation holding and managing a meditation centre. The fading of the monastery ideal. Resistance to democratisation and the crisis of legitimacy.
Faction, Reform and Reaction 1999 - 2005 follows the emerging polarisation of traditionalist and modernist values. The modernist agenda fror reform. Traces the process of secularisation and a developing crisis of sustainability.
A Fateful Loss of Meaning 2005 - 2008 From the crisis of secularity brought about by the board's actions of February 2005 and the ongoing crisis of viability that culminates in the establishment of an Ajahn Chah forest monastery in 2008
Interpreting Wat history. Four areas for interpretation: assessing the historical significance of the Wat; understanding the four crises of the Wat's development; the decline of Wat Buddha Dhamma and the process of secularisation; constructing a robust analytical framework for understanding cultural adaptation.
Download the chapter synopsis (PDF).
Contact the researchers:
John McIntyre firstname.lastname@example.org or 0405 425 178
Constance Ellwood at email@example.com or website
Postal address: 33/11 Fawkner Street BRADDON ACT 2612.